The following are the concepts the class is covering in the mechanics unit:
* beginning capitalization & end punctuation - What are you doing tonight?
* proper nouns - United States, General McCoy, Mars, July
* proper adjectives - Spanish rice, Irish lace
* commas in a compound sentence - Jack went up the hill, and Jill tumbled down.
* commas in a list (series) - The flag is red, white, and blue.
* commas after introductory words - Yes, I am going to the game.
* commas around interrupters - She, however, will not go to the party later.
* commas to set off nouns of direct address - Nancy, are you listening?
* commas setting off appositives - Lois Lowry, the author, wrote an interesting novel.
* commas and capitals in dates addresses, and letters - I have lived in Champaign, Illinois, for over twenty years.
* quotation marks in dialogue - Lucy yelled, "Are you going with us or not?"
(Remember that dialogue is indented when a new person speaks.)
* titles of short works - "We Are the World"
* Titles of long works are underlined or placed in italics. - The Runaway Bunny The Runaway Bunny
* semicolons - I wanted to go to Italy for years; now I can't wait to return.
* colons - I need to buy the following items: Thanksgiving supplies, napkins, and paper plates.
* abbreviations - IL, MLB, cm, Mon., Rte.
* apostrophes in contractions - can't, shouldn't
* apostrophes in possessive nouns - man's hat, men's hats
* hyphens - There are thirty-five balloons in the room.
* dashes - The Komodo dragon -- a great name for a lizard -- is huge.
* parentheses - The program is on this evening (8:30)
Summer "ing" Poems
Brainstorm the interesting things you did over summer vacation.
Choose a minimum of five moments to highlight.
Begin each phrase with a verb ending in ing.
Take out unimportant words in the phrase (but make sure the phrase still makes sense).
Experiment with your words so they paint a picture.
Write the phrases in an order that makes sense to you.
Surround your "ing" poem with images.
Constructing sand castles, rising out of the cool Atlantic shores
Rescuing seashells from the pounding surf
Gobbling ice cream faster than it can melt